QUESTIONS ABOUT HARFORD COUNTY HISTORY



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  1. HOW OLD IS THE CHESAPEAKE BAY?
  2. WHO DISCOVERED HARFORD COUNTY?
  3. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT THE "OLD POST OFFICE" LOBBY?
  4. WHERE IS THE PAINTING OF YOUNG EDWIN BOOTH ACTING IN THE COUNTY COURTHOUSE?
  5. WHO BURNED THE GUNPOWDER RIVER RAILROAD BRIDGE DURING THE CIVIL WAR?

TRIVIA QUESTIONS ABOUT HARFORD COUNTY HISTORY

  1. WHERE WAS THE FIRST BALTIMORE COUNTY SEAT?
  2. WHO WAS THE LAST BRITISH PROPRIETOR OF MARYLAND?
  3. WHERE WAS COKESBURY COLLEGE?
  4. WHO SPARED JOHN O'NEIL'S LIFE IN THE WAR OF 1812?
  5. WHEN WAS THE BUSH DECLARATION SIGNED?
  6. WHAT ORGANIZATION INITIATED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD'S FIRST OPERATIONAL GENERAL PURPOSE ELECTRONIC DIGITAL COMPUTER?
  7. HOW DEEP WAS THE BLACK TOP SOIL FOUND BY LEONARD CALVERT ON HIS ARRIVAL IN MARYLAND?
  8. WHICH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY IS THE OLDEST IN MARYLAND?



ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT HARFORD COUNTY HISTORY?

1. HOW OLD IS THE CHESAPEAKE BAY? Twenty thousand years ago, sea level was 325 feet below where it is today. At that time the Susquehanna Ri

ver ran to the Atlantic Ocean. The Bay was formed as the Ocean Level rose. The rise slowed to about 0.3 feet per century for about the last 5000 years. In the last hundred years, the rise increased to 1 foot per century. The current rate is believed to be 2 to 3 feet per century. References: White, C.P., Chesapeake Bay, A Field Guide, Nature of the Estuary, Tidewater Publishers, Centreville, MD, p9, 1980; Leatherman, S.P., et al, Vanishing Lands, Sea Level, Society and Chesapeake Bay, Laboratory for Coastal Research, U. of Md, College Park, p 9, 1995.

2. WHO DISCOVERED HARFORD COUNTY? Native Americans were known to live in Maryland by around 10,000 B.C. It is claimed that in 1588, Captain Vincente Gonzales was the first Spanish explorer to reach the head of the Chesapeake Bay. Captain John Smith explored the Bay in 1608 and provided the first map that indicated some knowledge of the upper bay. He sent it to the Virginia Company in 1608, and it was published in 1612. Thus, the much maligned Captain John Smith is usually credited with discovering Harford County. Reference: Morrison, R. and Hansen, R., Charting the Chesapeake, Maryland State Archives, p9, 1990.

3. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT THE "OLD POST OFFICE" LOBBY? The marble on the wall is reputed to have been the last available pieces of marble from Beaver Dam, Baltimore County, Md. The green marble was from the Maryland Green Mountain Marble Co., Cardiff, Harford County. The green marble from Cardiff was also used in the Empire State Building.

4. WHERE IS THE PAINTING OF YOUNG EDWIN BOOTH ACTING IN THE COUNTY COURTHOUSE? It is the current Bel Air Post Office. They took it with them when they moved. Edwin Booth of Harford County was considered the greatest Hamlet of his time and was one of the first American born actors with an international reputation.

5. WHO BURNED THE GUNPOWDER RIVER RAILROAD BRIDGE DURING THE CIVIL WAR? The bridge located near the present Amtrak bridge over the Gunpowder River was ordered burned in 1861 by order of Governor Thomas Hicks of Maryland to prevent angry Baltimore mobs from attacking Union Troops. Again, in 1864 a Confederate from Towson, Md. named Harry Gilmor burned the bridge during a daring raid around Baltimore. Reference: Cottom, R.I., and Hayward, M.E., Maryland in the Civil War, A House Divided, The Maryland Historical Society, 1994.

ANSWERS TO TRIVIA QUESTIONS

1. WHERE WAS THE FIRST BALTIMORE COUNTY SEAT? It was located in "Old Baltimore" on the Bush River. This area is now part of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Harford County.

2. WHO WAS THE LAST BRITISH PROPRIETOR OF MARYLAND? Henry Harford.

3. WHERE WAS COKESBURY COLLEGE? Abingdon, Harford County

4. WHO SPARED JOHN O'NEIL'S LIFE IN THE WAR OF 1812? British Admiral George Cockburn who participated in the capture of Washington D.C. and eventually became Admiral of the Fleet

5. WHEN WAS THE BUSH DECLARATION SIGNED? It was signed over a year before the Declaration of Independence on March 22, 1775.

6. WHAT ORGANIZATION INITIATED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD'S FIRST OPERATIONAL GENERAL PURPOSE ELECTRONIC DIGITAL COMPUTER? Ballistics Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground in June 1942

7. HOW DEEP WAS THE BLACK TOP SOIL FOUND BY LEONARD CALVERT ON HIS ARRIVAL IN MARYLAND? One foot. Reference: Richardson, H.D., Side-Lights on Maryland History, Tidewater Publishers, Cambridge, MD, p 34, 1967. Society, 1994.

8. WHICH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY IS THE OLDEST IN MARYLAND? Historical Society of Harford County, 1885.

9. WHAT ARE NAMES OF THE ISLANDS IN HARFORD COUNTY? The Maryland Archives (www.mdarchives.satate.md.us) lists:
Amos Island, Susquehanna River;
Dutch Island, Susquehanna River;
Hickorynut Island, Susquehanna River;
Meadow Island, Susquehanna River;
Mutton Islands, Susquehanna River;
Pooles Island, Chesapeake Bay; *
Ross Island, Susquehanna River;
Roberts Island, Susquehanna River;*
Rowland Island, Susquehanna River;*
St. Catherine Island, Susquehanna River;*
Snake Island, Susquehanna River;*
Spencer Island, Susquehanna River;*
Spesutie Island, Chesapeake Bay;*
Spry Island, Chesapeake Bay;
and Wood Island, Susquehanna River.*
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* Found on 18 Edition of ADC Map.

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